Lawyers can specialize in a variety of different areas including bankruptcy, international, environmental or corporate law. In addition to lawyers working in specialized fields, a sizable number of lawyers work for the government at every level. A lawyer is a person who practices or studies law, an attorney or a counselor.
In most countries, particularly civil law countries, there has been a tradition of giving many legal tasks to a variety of civil law notaries, clerks, and scriveners. These countries do not have “lawyers” in the American sense, insofar as that term refers to a single type of general-purpose legal services provider. Their legal professions consist of a large number of different kinds of law-trained people, known as jurists, some of which are advocates who are licensed to have practice in a court. Lawyers are always free to form voluntary associations of their own, apart from any licensing or mandatory membership that may be required by the laws of their jurisdiction.
Lawyers in private practice generally work in specialized businesses known as law firms, with the exception of English barristers. The vast majority of law firms worldwide are small businesses that range in size from 1 to 10 lawyers. The United States, with its large number of firms with more than 50 lawyers, is an exception.
In many countries, lawyers are general practitioners who will take almost any kind of case that walks in the door. They do their very best to defend the case for the side they are fighting for. Lawyers will bring up evidence and past actions to stop the opponent from winning the case. Lawyers don’t give up on a case until the case is won or the case is over.
Lawyers are expected to defend their side of the case, and must do all they can to defeat the opponent. The pay for a lawyer is quite high, between 100,000 and 200,000 depending on age and how experienced they are. Becoming a lawyer takes years of work and schooling. It can take 7-8 years to become a lawyer. After obtaining a four-year bachelors degree you can enroll in a law school that will take 3-4 years. In order to practice law one has to clear the bar exam and get license in their state, basically saying you must test out of your classes to be a licensed lawyer.
Getting into law is not easy. It takes time and determination. You must work hard in school and you must also work hard when you get the job. When you become a lawyer you have to work hard to find evidence in order to win for your side of the case.